Baltimore County is served by the Baltimore Metro Subway, Light Rail, and MARC Penn and Camden Lines with 15 stations. The proposed Baltimore Red Line Light Rail includes four stations in the county.
Master Plan 2020 gives the highest priority to sites with good multi-modal access, especially near existing or proposed transit systems as Community Enhancement Areas, where sustainable communities can occur with compact, mixed-use and walkable developments. The plan also includes land use and transportation recommendations that will help TOD. Moreover, the county’s Planned Unit Development legislation and parking reductions encourage developers to build in a pedestrian and transit friendly manner. However, there aren’t any community plans that are developed specifically to support TOD around existing station areas. And no zoning and development regulatory framework exists to encourage TOD.
After a 2004 assessment of TOD potential in transit station areas, city officials coordinated with MDOT and MDP to carry out three pilot projects that would complete station area plans and seek private interests in developing TOD near the State Center, West Baltimore MARC and Reisterstown Plaza stations.
In 2011, the state and county officials designated the Owings Mills Metro Station Area as a TOD, which included state financing for infrastructure. County leaders partnered with state and federal agencies to set aside space to attract major public institutions; a public library and a new campus of the Baltimore County Community College are underway.
Through the MTA advisory committees as part of the Baltimore Red Line study, county officials are studying TOD near the planned four station sites. The Planning Board adopted the Redline Transit Corridor Technical Report, which addresses land use, zoning, and infrastructure issues and recommends revisions to the existing land use, zoning, and water and sewer improvements, and the development of station area plans for TOD. The implementation of these recommendations will occur with the line’s construction.
During the Baltimore Red Line Study, city officials partnered with MDOT, Baltimore County and communities around the proposed station areas to strategize TOD land use policies and plans. That effort will integrate Red Line alignment decisions with land use planning to achieve a more cost-effective transitway while supporting local economic development through maximizing TOD potential.
• Baltimore County on the Transit Station Area Profile Tool • Best practice: Public-Private Partnership for TOD
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