Maryland has encouraged development near transit stations since the Washington Metro system was built in the 1970s. Well-done transit-oriented development (TOD) requires more than just building near transit. Successful TOD creates walkable, dense, mixed-use neighborhoods and supports that development with an efficient transportation system.
TOD provides an important smart growth strategy to encourage economic development, counter sprawl and maximize the return on transit investment.
The Maryland Department of Planning has created a comprehensive online planning and implementation resource to support state and local TOD efforts. The online resource provides a tool for planners, developers and elected officials interested in advancing more TOD in their jurisdictions. It features a Transit Station Area Profile Tool with station area demographics, employment data, transit use, and land use and development projects, as well as TOD policies, programs and implementation efforts. The resource also contains summaries of best practices to support creative development projects.